Birding Factoids

321 species
in 51 families

1 of the 5 European
endemics are 
represented here. 
No national endemics
16 speciality species
5 endangered species

Checklist of Portugal's BirdsTours and GuidesEcolodgesRare Bird AlertsSpeciality BirdsMap and General Country Information
Check out Jose Viana's Digital Birds from Portugal
Portugal Specialities
Great Bustard - Photo copyright e-Tours
Photo copyright E-Tours

Spectacled Warbler - Photo copyright Henning Feddes

Photo copyright Henning Feddes

    ....Nature and Environment - From the coast to the interior, 
      the sea to the hills and rolling plains of Setúbal, one can find a series of naturally enchanting values, both socio-economic and cultural; a diversity of which is difficult to find elsewhere. The need to conserve nature, landscape, heritage in harmony with the growing needs of a nounshing population has recently been responsible for the establishing of protected areas, one National Park, two Natural Reserves and an area of Protected landscape. Brief information is provided on:
      • The Arrábida Natural Park
      • The Sado Estuary
      • The Tejo Estuary
    ....The Natural Environment of the Ria Formosa -
      Up to 200 different birds, including many rare and endangered species, live in the Park or regularly use it on their annual migration between Europe and North Africa.
    ....Trip Report: Southern Portugal (Algarve) - September 12 - 21, 2000.
       By Toby Robertson. Birding highlights from a 10-day holiday with my partner Irene in Southern Portugal, during which we stayed in three locations on the Algarve: Faro, a location just inland from Luz, and Tavira. I watched birds at the following sites on or near the coast, listed here in order of their location as you move from the Spanish border in the east, round to the border with the Alentejo region on the west coast. The best areas were the Ria Formosa around Faro, especially Ludo Farm/Quinta do Lago, and the area around Sagres at the south-western tip of Portugal.
    ....Trip Report: Southern Portugal, September 19-26, 1999 - by Gruff Dodd.
      This was planned as a short relaxing autumn break with my wife Sara, with the emphasis on an easy pace rather than dawn to dusk birding. To minimise costs we decided on a package tour to the Algarve, although with hindsight it would probably have been cheaper and more convenient to have done it as an independent tour.
    ....Trip Report: Portugal, August 14-24,1998 - by Faansie Peacock. 
      All in all it was a good trip, although birding wasn't my main aim. A total of 43 species were seen in 9 days' birding, including 16 lifers. 
    ....Trip Report: Portugal, March 20-28, 1999 - by Tom Harrison. Have
      you ever heard the saying in the legal field that a lawyer who represents himself has a fool for a client? I have a corollary: When I bird alone in a different part of the world, I am birding with an idiot. Oh, I know sometimes it can't be helped. You're in a strange city or country with no birding contacts, or maybe you have just a few hours to sneak off to bird. We've all done that, and it can be great. After all, a bad day birding is better than a good day working, right? 
    ....Trip Report Portugal - September 1 to 15, 1999 - by Dirk Ferus. I had 
      to teach a course at the Summer School on Differential Geometry at      the University of Coimbra, from September 3rd to 7th, and used this opportunity to attach a week of birding. 
    ....Portugal Trip Report - hosted by John Girdley. Follow the Portugal link 
      on the main page to find information on:
      • Portugal (Algarve and Alentejo)1999. A report by Colin Davies. This was a family holiday based at Vilamoura on the Algarve, from 29th May to 12th June 1999. Vilamoura is a good resort for birders, because it is close to some of the best birding sites in southern Portugal and has one outstanding site of its own. 
      • Portugal (Albufeira.) May '99  A report by John Jennings. You would envy the birds seen from the apartment. Which included Purple Heron, Purple Gallinule, Black Tern, Bar tail and Black tail Godwit, Common Sandpiper, Whimbrel, and the star of the show

      • being a fly by from a Red necked Nightjar. All within half a mile from where we were staying...
      • Portugal ( July '99) By Joan Thompson. Following Colin Davies quick trip report from Villamoura - the resort became the our family holiday destination.  Even though it was late July it was brilliant:

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Tours and Guides

...>> A Birding Pal is not a paid guide, but someone who likes to help out of town visitors. You can become a Birding Pal today! Help someone to enjoy your local birding spots and find a pal to help you when you travel. Click here for Portugal Birding Pals, or join to be a Birding Pal!


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    **..Quinta do Barranco da Estrada - A small, 7 bedroomed south facing
      lakeside hotel with stunning views over one of Europe's largest and cleanest lakes, it is set in unspoilt countryside one and a half hours from Faro International Airport. There is some wonderful countryside to be explored with spectacular views of the lake, offering a fascinating variety of birds and animal for the wildlife enthusiast. From hoopoes to herons to tree frogs and mongooses, each season brings its own delights. Truly a birding paradise! Click here for a species list.

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Rare Bird Alert

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European Endemics and Specialities

in Portugal

Information on endemics and specialities is derived from Sibley & Monroe checklists and bird distribution lists in Thayer's Birder's Diary - Version 2.5, supplemented by material found in Where to Watch Birds in Europe and Russia - by Nigel Wheatley. Speciality birds, while not endemic, are those that can only be found in three or less countries of Europe. Information on endangered birds is derived from the IUCN Red List, Birdlife International, and supporting data bases developed by Ian Patton, of Merlin Species Watcher.  The endemic, endangered and speciality birds may be uncommon, extremely rare vagrants, may be extirpated in the country now or may only be present in migration. However, documented sightings of each species noted below have been made in Portugal. 

European Endemics in Portugal - No National Endemics

___ Red-legged Partridge 
Endangered Birds in Portugal

Breeding Birds

Non-Breeding Birds

___ Great Bustard
___ Imperial Eagle
___ Lesser Kestrel ___ Aquatic Warbler
___ Corn Crake

Other Speciality Birds in Portugal

___ Alpine Accentor
___ Azure-winged Magpie
___ Black Wheatear
___ Black-shouldered Kite
___ Collared Pratincole
___ Great Spotted Cuckoo
___ Greater Flamingo
___ Little Bustard
___ Purple Swamphen
___ Red-necked Nightjar
___ Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin
___ Spanish Sparrow
___ Spectacled Warbler
___ Spotless Starling
___ Thekla Lark
___ White-rumped Swift

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