Birding Factoids

305 species

No endemic species
8 speciality species
2 endangered species 

Checklist of Bahrain BirdsTours and GuidesEco-LodgesSpeciality BirdsMap and General Information
Bahrain Specialities
Desert Lark - Photo copyright Eric Kleyheeg
Photo copyright Eric Kleyheeg
    ....Important Bird Areas in Bahrain - The State of Bahrain consists of 
      more than 33 islands and form an area of 700 km2. The islands vary in size and structure and the largest one is known as Bahrain. Various types of natural habitats are present in Bahrain  but there are vast areas of open desert present in the region.
    ....Birding Locations in Bahrain - from the Bahrain Bird Report
    ....Bahrain Birding - by Martin R Adlam. Situated in the Persian Gulf,
      Bahrain is a mecca for a wide variety of birds. With the United Arab Emirates further down the Gulf, this little known island is often ignored. However with its mixture of desert, marsh, mudflats, mangrove swamps and sub-tropical gardens, this island is a bird watchers paradise. These sites are a few within easy reach of the capital, Manama.
    ....Bahrain Wildlife - by Kathy and Mike Hill. Bahrain is an archipelago
      situated in the shallow waters of the Gulf of Salwa in the northern Arabian Gulf. Whilst the lush northern region harbours a wealth of wildlife, interest lies mainly in Bahrain's muddy eastern shores, host to thousands of migrating shorebirds.
    ....Al-Areen WildLife Sanctuary - Al-Areen Wildlife Sanctuary was built
      between 1976 and 1979 at Al Markh. Al-Areen was developed primarily to provide a refuge for endangered species and as a wildlife educational centre. Now, that the introduced vegetation is well established and after the creation of artificial ponds, the number of resident birds has increased to approximately 15 species (including the black-crowned finch lark, desert lark, crested lark and the hoopoe lark) and more than 84 migrant species have been recorded at the site. 

    Factoids taken from Where to watch birds in Asia  - by Nigel Wheatley

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Tours and Guides

...>> A Birding Pal is not a paid guide, but someone who likes to help out of town visitors. You can become a Birding Pal today! Help someone to enjoy your local birding spots and find a pal to help you when you travel. Click here for Bahrain Birding Pals, or join to be a Birding Pal!
         The Central Municipal Council arranges regular trips for "tourists" to the
      Hawar Islands, 18 km. south of Bahrain Island. These islands host the largest known breeding colony of Socotra Cormorants (over 100,000 pairs have been known to be present from October to February), as well as breeding Sooty Falcon (May to November). 
    **..Bird Watching in Bahrain with Alreem Environmental - The variation of 
      natural habitats on the islands is reflected by the high diversity of avifauna where more than 300 different species of birds have been recorded. The small size of Bahrain makes bird watching activity enjoyable due to the easy access and travel from one place to another within very short time, which allow enthusiast birdwatchers to cover much larger area and observe more species. AlReem Environmental Consultation and Ecotourism has been running various wildlife tours and packages for the last few years. This environmental body is headed by local ecologist and ornithologist who spent more than 15 years in fieldwork and surveys.


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Endemics and Specialities

in Bahrain

Information on endemics and specialities is derived from Sibley & Monroe checklists and bird distribution lists in Thayer's Birder's Diary - Version 2.05, supplemented by material found in Where to watch birds in Asia  - by Nigel Wheatley. African speciality birds, while not endemic, are those that can only be found in three or less countries of Africa. Information on endangered birds is derived from the IUCN Red List, Birdlife International, and supporting data bases developed by Ian Patton, of Merlin Species Watcher.  The endemic, endangered and speciality birds may be uncommon, extremely rare vagrants, may be extirpated in the country now or may only be present in migration. However, documented sightings of each species noted below have been made in Bahrain. 

Endemics in Bahrain
Endangered Birds in Bahrain
(endemics are printed in bold italic)

Breeding Birds

Non-Breeding Birds

None ___ Lesser Kestrel ___ Pallid Harrier 

Other Speciality and Spectacular Birds in Bahrain
(adapted from Where to watch birds in Asia  - by Nigel Wheatley.)

___ Cream-coloured Courser
___ Great Black-headed Gull
___ Hypocolius
___ Menetries' Warbler
___ Saunder's Tern
___ Sooty Falcon
___ Upcher's Warbler
___ White-cheeked Tern

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Links checked December 13, 2000