Birding Factoids

348 species
in 49 families

1 of the 5 European
endemics are 
represented here. 
No national endemics
15 speciality species
8 endangered species

    (includes Serbia and Montenegro)
Travel AdvisoryChecklist of Yugoslavian BirdsTours and GuidesRare Bird AlertsSpeciality BirdsMap and General Country Information


Yugoslavian Specialities
(Pause your cursor on the photo to see the species name.)
Imperial Eagle - Photo copyright Trident Press
Photo copyright Trident Press

Sombre Tit - Photo copyright George McCarthy

Photo copyright George McCarthy

White-backed Woodpecker - Photo copyright E-Tours

Photo copyright E-Tours


    ....Birdwatching Highlights of Serbia - By Dragan Simic. Land-locked 
      in the heart of Balkans, the Serbia has about 100 birders and about 340 bird species as well as 36 globally Important Bird Areas (BirdLife International, 2000) covering 775,560 ha or 8.8% of Serbian territory. 
    ....Durmitor National Park - Formed by glaciers and cut by rivers on the
      surface and underground, Durmitor is a strikingly beautiful natural park. Along the Tara River Canyon, with the deepest gorges in Europe, the dense pine forests are interspersed with clear lakes and harbour a wide range of endemic flora.
    ....Birdwatch Belgrade - by Dragan Simic. In an effort to answer the 
      questions where to see the birds that epitomize the area, which sites should be visited and when is the best time to go there, this short guide describes the 15 birding spots in and around Belgrade, and makes brief mention of 6 Important Bird Areas nearby. 
    ....Birding Montenegro - Despite its tiny size, less than 14,000 km2, 
      Montenegro certainly offers some exciting birding destinations, either in the mountains or along the ca. 200 km of seacoast. Habitats to bird in vary from bare alpine terrain, rocky areas and pastures to coniferous forests, southern European and sub-Mediterranean forests, and, finally, Mediterranean vegetation.
    ....Ludasko Jezero (Ludas Lake) - Extremely diverse habitats of the
      Ludasko Jezero (aquatic, swamp and meadow habitats, as well as steppe habitats on its banks) brought about the rich diversity of plant and animal species and their life communities. Bird fauna is characterized by the presence of 214 recorded species, 140 of them being protected as natural rarities. They represent the fundamental characteristic of this valuable natural area which is included in the list of especially valuable sites for Yugoslavia and Europe. Ludasko Jezero is a habitat of many rare and endangered bird species in Europe, such as: white-headed duck (Oxyura leucocephala),  Ferruginous duck (Aythya nyroca), (Acrocephalus melanopogon) and (Panurus biarmicus), the latter being the most outstanding  characteristics of its avifauna. At the same time, this lake is the place where many migratory bird species from the large group of "waterfowl" gather.
    ....Trip Report: Danube near Belgrade (Yugoslavia), Summer 1996, 
      Winter 1997 and General Information on Serbian "Important Bird Areas" (IBA) - by Dragan Simic. This area of the Danube in winter months attracts large number of waterfowl (over 20 species of ducks were recorded in the last 14 years - White-headed Duck included!). White-tailed Eagles are recorded here reasonably frequently. I observed the eagles at that very same mud bank, once even tearing its prey apart - only at the time it was frozen solid. The Danube is important wintering area for wildfowl and downriver from Belgrade to Bulgarian border, in January 2000 there were 330,000 wintering ducks!
    ....Trip Report: Iron Gates N.P., Serbia (Yugoslavia), January 1999
      The Danube Winter Season - by Dragan Simic. The International Waterfowl Census on Yugoslav Danube: More than 300,000 waterfowl come annually from northern Europe to spend the winter on the Danube at Ram, Golubac, and Donji Milanovac. 
    ....Trip Report: Skadar Lake N.P., Montenegro (Yugoslavia), January
      1997 - by Dragan Simic. In summer, Skadar -- the biggest lake in the Balkan Peninsula, straddling the border between the Yugoslav republic of Montenegro and neighboring Albania -- has an area of 370 square kilometers. But in winter, its waters swell and expand to cover all of 540 square kilometers; or, to put it in other words, it's 44 km long and 7 km wide in summer -- and 14 km wide in winter! 
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Tours and Guides


    ...."Róka tanya" Ethno Center and Birding Lodge - The Róka tanya - "Fox
      Rach" - is situated on the east shore of the Ludas lake, 12 kilometers away from downtown Subotica. We provide lodging and quality meals and organize different programs like guided photo tours, Natural history Workshops, birding trips, bird ringing camps, etc.


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Rare Bird Alert

         Not available


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European Endemics and Specialities

in Yugoslavia

Information on endemics and specialities is derived from Sibley & Monroe checklists and bird distribution lists in Thayer's Birder's Diary - Version 2.5. Speciality birds, while not endemic, are those that can only be found in three or less countries of Europe. Species printed in bold italic have only been sighted in Yugoslavia. Information on endangered birds is derived from the IUCN Red List, Birdlife International, and supporting data bases developed by Ian Patton, of Merlin Species Watcher.  The endemic, endangered and speciality birds may be uncommon, extremely rare vagrants, may be extirpated in the country now or may only be present in migration. However, documented sightings of each species noted below have been made in Yugoslavia.

European Endemics in Yugoslavia - No National Endemics

___ Rock Partridge
Endangered Birds in Yugoslavia

Breeding Birds

Non-Breeding Birds

___ Dalmation Pelican
___ Ferruginous Pochard
___ Great Bustard
___ Imperial Eagle
___ Lesser Kestrel 
___ Corn Crake
___ Lesser White-fronted Goose
___ Slender-billed Curlew

Other Speciality Birds in Yugoslavia

___ Baillon's Crake
___ Black-headed Bunting
___ Dalmation Pelican
___ Great White Pelican
___ Lanner Falcon
___ Levant Sparrowhawk
___ Little Crake
___ Olive-tree Warbler
___ Pygmy Cormorant
___ Rock Nuthatch
___ Rufous-talied Scrub-Robin
___ Saker Falcon
___ Sombre Tit
___ Wallcreeper

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